How do you grow large cardamom?
Suckers/seedlings are planted by scooping a little soil from the centre of the pits and planted up to collar zone. Deep planting should be avoided. Staking is needed to avoid lodging under heavy rain and wind and mulching is done at the plant base. Propagation of large cardamom is done through seeds and suckers.
How cardamom is cultivated commercially?
In commercial cultivation of small Cardamom, micro-propagation using tissue culture technique can also be practiced. Small Cardamom seedlings are raised in nursery beds for 10 to 18 months and they should be moved to main field plantation.
How do you increase cardamom production?
Organic manures improve the characteristics of the soil along with the addition of nutrients, hence, it is recommended to add neem cake + bone meal + vermicompost at a rate of 0.4+0.6+0.7 tons per acre and a manure of 2.5, 4.0, and 6.0 tons per acre is applied during first, second and third year in May-June.
Who is the largest producer of cardamom?
Guatemala is the leading supplier of cardamom in the world, producing approximately 23,000 MTs annually. Guatemala exports the majority of its production to the Middle East, with small amounts to the EU.
What is the price of cardamom in Sikkim?
Sikkim Large Cardamom Physical Market
Which Indian state has the highest production of cardamom in India?
Kerala is the largest producer of cardamom in India.
Which fertilizer is best for cardamom?
Cardamom responds very well to organic and inorganic fertilizers. Normally a dose of 75:75:150 Kg NPK/ha should be applied. A fertilizer dose of 120:120:240 Kg NPK/ha to the high density planting of (5,000plants/ha)is recommended. Organic manures like compost or cattle manure may be given @ 5 Kg/clump.
How many cardamom plants can be planted per acre?
With the spacing of 7 x 7 around 1,000 cardamom plants can be planted in one acre land.
What is the price of 1kg cardamom?
NATURITION Green Cardamom (Medium size) | Elaichi |Hari Ilachi (1… Rich Treat Premium Green Elaichi (Cardamom) 100% Fresh And Natura……Yummy Premium Green Elaichi (Cardamom) – 100% Fresh and Natural – 1 kg (1 kg)
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Which state is famous for the cultivation of cardamom?
The DASD has reported that Cardamom production in the country has declined in 2018-19 and 2019-20 due to the unprecedented flood and subsequent prolonged dry spell experienced in the major Cardamom growing regions in the country, especially in the States of Kerala and Karnataka.
Which country cardamom is best?
Guatemala was the leading producer of cardamom, which accounted for more than 55% of the global production in 2019. Asian countries such as Indonesia, India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka are also some of the other major producers of cardamom.
What is the price of 1Kg cardamom?
How to cultivate cardamom?
Mulching: This practice is very important in cardamom cultivation as it can save the trees from moisture loss and soil erosion. Any dry leaves can be utilized as mulching material which can be worked as excellent organic matter in later stages of the plant growth.
How deep do you plant cardamom seeds?
Plant the cardamom seedlings 1–1 1⁄2 in (2.5–3.8 cm) deep. Dig 1 in (2.5 cm) deep holes that are 6 to 18 inches (15 to 46 cm) apart. Place 1 seedling into each hole and surround the seedling roots with dirt.
How much cardamom is being produced in India each year?
About 3863 MT of large cardamom are being produced annually from 26,459 ha Sikkim region is emerging as India’s organic large Published on: 1st Sept 2013 cardamom hub.
How do you protect cardamom plants from pests?
While weeding dried shoots and other thrashed materials are used as mulch around the plant base. Indigenous plant protection practices Among the insect pests that attack large cardamom, leaf caterpillar (Artona chorista Jordon) and stem borer (Glyphipterix sp.) are considered as important pests of the crop.