What are the characteristic features of the Solanaceae family?
Characteristics of Solanaceae Family
- Root System: Taproot system.
- Stem: Erect or climber; Solanaceae includes herbs, shrubs, small trees, and climbers.
- Leaves: Alternate, simple or pinnately compound (rarely); exstipulate; reticulate venation.
What are the floral characters of family Solanaceae?
The floral characters of the family Solanaceae are as follows:
- Inflorescence is solitary, axial or cymose.
- Flowers are bisexual, actinomorphic.
- Calyx: Five sepals, gamosepalous.
- Corolla: Five petals, gamopetalous.
- Androecium: Five stamens, epipetalous.
- Gynoecium: Superior, bicarpellary, syncarpous ovary.
What is the family Solanaceae is commonly known as?
The Solanaceae, also known as the potato or deadly nightshade family is one of humankind’s most utilized and important plant families.
Which of the following features are shown by flowers of Solanaceae?
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- Inflorescence: Solitary, axillary or cymose as in Solanum.
- Flower: bisexual, actinomorphic.
- Calyx: sepals five, united persistent, valvate aestivation.
- Corolla:petals five, united, valvate aestivation.
- Androecium: stamens five, epipetalous.
Which one of the following is wrong for Solanaceae family?
So, the correct answer is ‘Monocarpellary superior ovary’.
In which ovary is half inferior?
Ovary is half-inferior in the flowers of plum. A half-inferior ovary is embedded or surrounded by the receptacle. Such flowers are termed perigynous or half-epigynous. In some classifications, half-inferior ovaries are not recognized and are instead grouped with either the superior or inferior ovaries.
Is Solanaceae family Bracteate?
To sum up, in general, the flowers of the Solanaceae family are complete, pedicellate, bracteate or ebracteate, actinomorphic, bisexual, pentamerous and hypogynous. Calyx has five sepals, which are united or gamosepalous with valvate aestivation.