What causes classical swine fever?
Classical swine fever (CSF), also known as hog cholera, is a contagious viral disease of domestic and wild swine. It is caused by a virus of the genus Pestivirus of the family Flaviviridae. The most common method of transmission is through direct contact between healthy swine and those infected with CSF virus.
What is classical swine fever in pigs?
Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious and economically significant viral disease of pigs. The severity of the illness varies with the strain of the virus, the age of the pig, and the immune status of the herd.
Why Classical swine fever is an economically important disease?
CSF, if left unchecked, could cause severe economic losses to the industry, which may have an impact on rural society. An outbreak of disease would result in severe restrictions on the movement of animals and the export of live pigs and pig products.
How is classical swine fever diagnosed?
(Hog Cholera, Swine Fever) Diagnostic tests for CSFV detection include RT-qPCR, virus isolation, immunofluorescence assay, and detection of antibodies by serologic tests such as ELISA and virus neutralization.
Is there a vaccine for Classical Swine Fever?
The most widely used vaccines for the control of classical swine fever (CSF) in countries where it is endemic are live attenuated virus strains, which are highly efficacious, inducing virtually complete protection against challenge with pathogenic virus.
Is hog-cholera curable?
Hog cholera can be successfully prevented by the use of anti-hog-cholera serum. It should be used as a preventive and not as a cure, although its curative properties should not be entirely overlooked.
Why Classical swine fever is called classical?
Classical swine fever (CSF) or hog cholera (also sometimes called pig plague based on the German word Schweinepest) is a highly contagious disease of swine (Old World and New World pigs). It is mentioned as a potential bioweapon….Classical swine fever.
What is the difference between African swine fever and Classical Swine Fever?
ASF is caused by a virus that is unrelated to the classical swine fever virus and has a more complex genetic structure. Both ASF and CSF affect pigs only, and do not infect humans and other livestock.
What is the medicine for pig fever?
- In most cases fevers in sows will be associated with bacterial infections and a broad spectrum antibiotic should always be used. Check the temperature at and 24 hours after treatment.
- Broad acting antibiotics include, oxytetracycline, trimethoprim/sulpha, amoxycillin and penicillin / streptomycin.