What complications could arise as a consequence of mononucleosis?
Mononucleosis may cause enlargement of the spleen. In extreme cases, your spleen may rupture, causing sharp, sudden pain in the left side of your upper abdomen. If such pain occurs, seek medical attention immediately — you may need surgery.
Does EBV affect pregnancy?
Women with significant EBV reactivation had a significantly shorter duration of pregnancy, and associated lighter babies, compared with women without significant reactivation (stillborn: 176 vs 197 days, P=0.16, and live born: 271 vs 279 days, P=0.03, respectively).
Can mononucleosis cause problems later in life?
But rarely, mononucleosis symptoms may recur months or even years later. Most cases of mononucleosis are caused by infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Once you’re infected with EBV, you carry the virus — usually in a dormant state — for the rest of your life.
Can Epstein-Barr virus cross the placenta?
It should be mentioned that both HSV and EBV seem to be able to cross the placenta and cause, as described by several investigators, placental infection manifested by deciduitis and villitis. These placental pathological changes may increase fetal damage.
How long does mono last in older adults?
Most people get better in two to four weeks; however, some people may feel fatigued for several more weeks. Occasionally, the symptoms of infectious mononucleosis can last for six months or longer.
Can mono be passed to baby?
That’s why we hear a lot about it in teens and college students. Still, anyone can get mono, including babies and young children. Mono is less common in adults over 40. You can pass the virus to others through your saliva for a median duration of six months after symptoms subside.
Can I breastfeed if I have mono?
Active infection with mononucleosis is a contraindication to breastfeeding as the presence of EBV can be found in human milk. However, reports on breastfed infants infected by the virus are rare.
Can mono reactivate in pregnancy?
In normal pregnant women, reactivation of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) frequently occurs. Cellular immune responses are apparently suppressed, but high titer EBV-specific antibodies of IgG class may compensate. The antibodies cross the placenta and protect the infant against primary infection for many months.
What are the complications of mononucleosis?
Anemia, a ruptured spleen, and liver problems are all complications that can result from mononucleosis. Sometimes they can be very serious. Shutterstock (2) When teens and adults get mononucleosis, they can experience debilitating symptoms such as extreme exhaustion, muscle aches, and sore throat.
Is infectious mononucleosis associated with fetal malformations during pregnancy?
Infectious mononucleosis was confirmed … Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection during gestation has been associated retrospectively with the occurrence of fetal malformations. The referral in the first trimester of three women with infectious mononucleosis allowed us to study prospectively this question. Infectious mononucleosis was confirmed …
What are the symptoms of mononucleosis in children?
Jaundice, which causes a yellow tinge to the skin and the whites of the eyes, is a sign of liver involvement. Younger children usually have much more mild symptoms of mononucleosis as compared to teens and young adults. 1 An infant might have no symptoms or mild symptoms.
What is adult mononucleosis (mono)?
The adult form of mononucleosis caused by the Epstein-Barr virus is different from the disease in children and adolescents. The symptoms for adults are different than children and adolescents. Most often, mono in adults is confused with lymphoma, leukemia, or gall bladder obstruction.