What did Executive Order 12333 do?
Executive Order (EO) 12333 is the foundational authority by which NSA collects, retains, analyzes, and disseminates foreign signals intelligence information. The principal application of this authority is the collection of communications by foreign persons that occur wholly outside the United States.
How are executive orders overturned?
Congress may try to overturn an executive order by passing a bill that blocks it. But the president can veto that bill. Congress would then need to override that veto to pass the bill. Also, the Supreme Court can declare an executive order unconstitutional.
How is counterintelligence defined Executive Order 12333?
Counterintelligence as defined in Executive Order 12333, as amended, is “information gathered and activities conducted to protect against espionage, other intelligence activities, sabotage, or assassinations conducted by or on behalf of foreign governments or elements thereof, foreign organizations or foreign persons.
Is executive order a federal law?
Both executive orders and proclamations have the force of law, much like regulations issued by federal agencies, so they are codified under Title 3 of the Code of Federal Regulations, which is the formal collection of all of the rules and regulations issued by the executive branch and other federal agencies.
Who created Executive Order 12333?
President Ronald Reagan
[Executive Order 12333 was originally issued by President Ronald Reagan in 1981. It was most recently revised and re-issued by President George W. Bush in 2008.] national intelligence efforts, and for protecting privacy and civil liberties in the conduct of intelligence activities.
Which of the following are potential espionage indicators?
Potential Indicators of Espionage
- Frequent or regular contact with foreign persons from countries which represent an intelligence or terrorist threat to the United States.
- Unauthorized visits to a foreign embassy, consulate, trade, or press office, either in CONUS or OCONUS.
Can an executive order be revoked?
At any time, the president may revoke, modify or make exceptions from any executive order, whether the order was made by the current president or a predecessor. Typically, a new president reviews in-force executive orders in the first few weeks in office.
Which of the following are potential espionage indicators PEIs )?
Which of the following are potential espionage indicators PEIs?
Potential espionage indicators (PEIs) are activities, behaviors, or circumstances that ‘may be indicative’ of potential espionage activities by an individual who may have volunteered or been recruited by a foreign entity as a writing espionage agent. Examples of PEI include: All of the above.
Are executive orders in the Constitution?
Q: Where are Executive Orders mentioned in the U.S. Constitution? There is no specific provision in the United States Constitution for Executive Orders. However, Section 1 of Article II (the Executive Power) is generally viewed as granting authority for such orders.
When was Executive Order 12333 amended?
It was amended by Executive Order 13355: Strengthened Management of the Intelligence Community, on August 27, 2004. On July 30, 2008, President George W. Bush issued Executive Order 13470 amending Executive Order 12333 to strengthen the role of the Director of National Intelligence (DNI).
How many executive orders did Barack Obama issue in 2017?
Barack Obama issued 276 executive orders between 2009 and 2017. 2017 EO 13758 – EO 13764 7 2016 EO 13716 – EO 13757 42 2015 EO 13687 – EO 13715 29 2014 EO 13656 – EO 13686 31 2013 EO 13636 – EO 13655 20 2012 EO 13597 – EO 13635 39 2011 EO 13563 – EO 13596 34 2010 EO 13526 – EO 13562 36
Where do executive orders go in the Federal Register?
The Federal Register Executive Orders view all Presidential Documents The President of the United States manages the operations of the Executive branch of Government through Executive orders. After the President signs an Executive order, the White House sends it to the Office of the Federal Register (OFR).
Is Executive Order 12333 a threat to Americans’privacy and civil liberties?
In July 2014, former State Department official John Tye published an editorial in The Washington Post, citing his prior access to classified material on intelligence-gathering activities under Executive Order 12333, and arguing that the order represented a significant threat to Americans’ privacy and civil liberties.