What did the Zhenotdel achieve?
The Zhenotdel persuaded the Bolsheviks to legalise abortion in Russia, the first country to do so, in November 1920. This was the first time in history that women had the right to free abortions in state hospitals.
What did the Komsomol do?
The Komsomol sought to provide its members with alternative leisure activities that promoted the improvement of society, such as volunteer work, sports, and political and drama clubs.
Why was war communism introduced?
War Communism was introduced by Lenin to combat the economic problems brought on by the civil war in Russia. It was a combination of emergency measures and socialist dogma.
Who was in charge of the Cheka?
The Cheka was the Bolshevik security force or secret police. It was formed by Vladimir Lenin in a December 1917 decree and charged with identifying and dealing with potential counter-revolutionaries. 2. The Cheka was headed by Feliz Dzerzhinsky, a Bolshevik of Polish extraction.
What was the purpose of Socialist Realism?
The purpose of socialist realism was to limit popular culture to a specific, highly regulated faction of emotional expression that promoted Soviet ideals. The party was of the utmost importance and was always to be favorably featured.
What do you mean by glasnost and perestroika?
Perestroika (/ˌpɛrəˈstrɔɪkə/; Russian: перестройка) was a political movement for reform within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) during the late 1980s widely associated with CPSU general secretary Mikhail Gorbachev and his glasnost (meaning “openness”) policy reform.
What does the word Komsomol mean?
Russian Communist youth organization
Definition of Komsomol : a Russian Communist youth organization.
How did Stalin affect education?
Educational expansion: The expansion of primary education continued under Stalin. Government set a target that 100% of children aged from 8-12 would be enrolled for primary schools by 1932. The government achieved it for 95% of children. Even if they missed their target, they still increased from 60% in 1928.
How did War Communism benefit the Communists?
Military. War communism was largely successful at its primary purpose of aiding the Red Army in halting the advance of the White Army and in reclaiming most of the territory of the former Russian Empire thereafter.
What was the War Communism policy?
More exactly, the policy of War Communism lasted from June 1918 to March 1921. The policy’s chief features were the expropriation of private business and the nationalization of industry throughout Soviet Russia and the forced requisition of surplus grain and other food products from the peasantry by the state.
What Cheka means?
Definition of cheka : secret police (as in a Communist-dominated country) having virtually unrestrained power over life and death.
What methods did the Cheka use?
In Simferopol, the CHEKA used a novel method of torture: administering enemas with crushed glass and setting burning candles under the genitals. They used to sit the [victim] onto a hot frying pan and used iron rods, rubber hoses with a metal tip, twisted arms, fractured bones…”
What did the Zhenotdel do?
The Zhenotdel was established as civil war raged across the country. One of its first tasks therefore, was to mobilize women to defend the revolution and its gains against the forces of reaction and counter-revolution.
How did zhenodtel help women in the Soviet Union?
Between 1919 and 1930, Zhenodtel campaigned in Moscow and along the length and breadth of the USSR. The organisation advocated emancipation from housework and empowered women to join the workforce. In doing so, it addressed the issues that threatened to hinder employment.
What was the zhenodtel Committee?
Founded by several prominent female revolutionaries, Zhenodtel was instrumental in shaping the USSR and pioneering women’s rights until Stalin shut it down in 1930. Let’s investigate the regime’s official women’s committee, aimed to liberate women from domestic work and pull them into the Soviet workforce.
What is Kollontai’s theory of women’s liberation?
With capitalism and landlordism overthrown in Russia, these issues were no longer theoretical but demanded concrete attention by the new soviet government. If women were to be truly liberated, Kollontai argued, they had to be freed from the constraints of the family as an institution in class society.