What is another name for Duane syndrome?
Duane syndrome (DS) is a rare eye disorder some people are born with. The muscles and nerves around your eye don’t work well together, and that keeps it from moving as it should. The disorder is also known as Duane’s syndrome, Duane retraction syndrome, or Stilling-Turk syndrome.
What is 6th nerve palsy a symptom of?
Sixth nerve palsy may be caused by many things, including stroke, brain aneurysm, diabetic neuropathy, trauma, infections, inflammation, tumors , migraine headaches or intracranial pressure. Eye patches, glasses, corticosteroids , and/or botulinum toxin may be used to ease symptoms.
What causes Duane’s Retraction syndrome?
Duane Retraction Syndrome results from an absent or dysplastic abducens motor neurons with aberrant innervations of the lateral rectus muscle by the oculomotor nerve.
What are the characteristics of Duane syndrome?
Duane syndrome (DS) is an eye movement disorder present at birth (congenital) characterized by horizontal eye movement limitation: a limited ability to move the eye inward toward the nose (adduction), outward toward the ear (abduction), or in both directions.
Is Duane’s syndrome a disability?
The Social Security Administration (SSA) determined a period of disability began in December 1987 as a result of Duane’s syndrome.
Is Duane’s syndrome Progressive?
Duane syndrome, also called Duane retraction syndrome (DRS), is a congenital and non-progressive type of strabismus due to abnormal development of the 6th cranial nerve. It is characterized by difficulty rotating one or both eyes outward (abduction) or inward (adduction).
How common is Duane’s syndrome?
Isolated Duane retraction syndrome affects an estimated 1 in 1,000 people worldwide. This condition accounts for 1 percent to 5 percent of all cases of abnormal eye alignment (strabismus). For unknown reasons, isolated Duane syndrome affects females more often than males.
Is Duane’s syndrome hereditary?
Inheritance. In most cases, Duane syndrome is not inherited . The majority of cases of Duane syndrome occur in individuals with no history of the condition in the family. About 10% of people with Duane syndrome have other family members with Duane syndrome.
Is Duane’s syndrome considered a disability?
Is congenital sixth nerve palsy Duane’s syndrome?
The title of a Souza-Dias publication stated: “Congenital VIth nerve is Duane’s Syndrome until disproven”, and it also reflects the rarity of congenital sixth nerve paresis.[3,4] Here, we present a case of an adolescent, with a congenital sixth nerve palsy presenting as Type I DS.
What is the difference between Sixth nerve palsy and esotropic-Duane syndrome?
The differentiation between an esotropic-Duane patient with limitation of abduction and minimal retraction and a patient with congenital sixth nerve palsy can be difficult, especially in very young children. The main differences between a sixth nerve palsy patient and an esotropic-Duane patient will be the following:
What is sixth nerve palsy?
Keywords: Sixth Nerve Anatomy, Sixth Nerve Palsy INTRODUCTION Dysfunction of the sixth cranial (abducens) nerve can result from lesions occurring anywhere along its course between the sixth nerve nucleus in the dorsal pons and the lateral rectus muscle within the orbit.
Why does Duane syndrome affect the lateral rectus?
In Duane syndrome, the 6th cranial nerve that controls the lateral rectus muscle (the muscle that rotates the eye out towards the ear) does not develop properly. Why the nerve does not develop is not fully understood. Thus, the problem is not primarily with the eye muscle itself, but with the nerve that controls to the muscle.