What is distributed cognition theory?
Developed by Edwin Hutchins, distributed cognition is the theory that knowledge lies not only within the individual but in the individual’s social and physical environment.
What is distributed cognition example?
The action of a door closing itself after someone opens it and walk through is one of the most basic examples of distributed cognition across the simplest of networks.
What are the principles of cognition?
Cognitive learning principles focus on what you know, rather than your response to stimuli. When you’re applying a cognitive learning principle, you are acting on your thought processes and connecting them to your memories, rather than merely responding to what is happening to you or how you’re feeling.
What are the 4 types of cognitive processing?
Types of cognitive processes
- Attention. Focusing on stimuli in your environment often requires conscious effort.
What is the main goal of distributed cognition?
Distributed cognition illustrates the process of interaction between people and technologies in order to determine how to best represent, store and provide access to digital resources and other artifacts.
Why is distributed cognition important?
Distributed cognition provides a framework and method to examine the interactions between people and objects, which is not possible with traditional approaches. By doing so, distributed cognition can highlight the complex interdependencies between people and objects.
What are memory principles?
Another powerful memory principle is making a mental picture of what needs to be remembered. By visualizing, you use an entirely different part of the brain than you did by reading or listening. Most of us remember what we see much larger (and better) than what we read or hear.
What is situated action?
Situated Action is the idea that human activity is based on a “swarm of contingencies,” that nothing can be understood without first understanding its context. It is a critique of cognitive science in that it denies that human procedures are replicable.
What is external cognition?
External cognition is the information processing that goes on between the internal cognition of the human mind and the perception and manipulation of its external representations.
What is distributed cognition?
According to Rogers (1997), “distributed cognition is a hybrid approach to studying all aspects of cognition, from a cognitive, social and organisational perspective” (p. 1).
How are cognitive processes distributed across the members of a group?
Cognitive processes may be distributed across the members of a social group. Cognitive processes may be distributed in the sense that the operation of the cognitive system involves coordination between internal and external (material or environmental) structure.
What is the best book on Distributed Cognitions?
Distributed cognitions. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 47–87. ISBN 978-0-521-57423-5. Perry M (2003). “Distributed Cognition”. In Carroll JM (ed.). HCI Models, Theories, and Frameworks: Toward an Interdisciplinary Science. Morgan Kaufmann. pp. 193–223. Resnick L, Levine S, Teasley L, eds. (1991).
What are the two classes of distributive cognition?
In 1999, Gavriel Salomon stated that there were two classes of distributive cognition: shared cognition and off-loading. Shared cognition is that which is shared among people through common activity such as conversation where there is a constant change of cognition based on the other person’s responses.