What is rich picture in SSM?
In SSM, rich pictures are used as tools to make sense of a system and its behaviour. Practically, rich pictures are unstructured and non-linear representations of a situation that depict complexity.
What should a rich picture include?
Guidelines. A rich picture is an attempt to assemble everything that might be relevant to a complex situation. You should somehow represent every observation that occurs to you or that you gleaned from your initial survey. Fall back on words only where ideas fail you for a sketch that encapsulates your meaning.
What is rich picture model?
Synonyms: Mind map. A Rich Picture is a way to explore, acknowledge and define a situation and express it through diagrams to create a preliminary mental model. A rich picture helps to open discussion and come to a broad, shared understanding of a situation.
What is soft system Modelling?
“Soft Systems Methodology (SSM) is a cyclic learning system which uses models of human activity to explore with the actors in the real world problem situation, their perceptions of that situation and their readiness to decide upon purposeful action which accommodates different actor’s perceptions, judgments and values. …
Where is Soft Systems Methodology used?
The primary use of SSM is in the analysis of complex situations where there are divergent views about the definition of the problem.
What is soft system model?
What is a soft problem?
A soft problem is usually a real-world problem, opposed to a ‘hard problem’ it cannot be formulated as a search for an efficient means of achieving a defined end; a soft problem is a problem in which ends, goals, purposes are themselves problematic.
What is Ssadm used for?
SSADM divides an application development project into modules, stages, steps, and tasks, and provides a framework for describing projects in a fashion suited to managing the project. SSADM’s objectives are to: Improve project management & control. Make more effective use of experienced and inexperienced …
What are hard issues?
Problems that are well defined or well structured. These are routinely solved by application of a well-understood formula, process or design.
What is the situation according to Checkland?
Refer to “Systems Concepts in Action: A Practitioner’s Toolkit” by Bob Williams and Richard Hummelbrunner – 2010 for a detailed guide to using systems thinking in evaluation). In his original writing Checkland refers to the ‘situation’, the situation may be a program, issue, initiative or other term used in evaluation.
What is a rich picture?
A Rich Picture is a way to explore, acknowledge and define a situation and express it through diagrams to create a preliminary mental model. A rich picture helps to open discussion and come to a broad, shared understanding of a situation.
Why do people find rich pictures difficult to read?
One of the reasons people find rich pictures difficult is that they try to convert ideas they’ve already verbalised into visual symbols. But the benefit of rich pictures is in revealing thoughts you haven’talready had, and in saying things you haven’talready said.