What is traded in the illicit trade?
Illicit trade consists of both tangible goods—drugs, human beings, weapons, wildlife and timber, fish, antiquities and ubiquitous counterfeits—and intangible goods bought and sold in cyberspace, such as passwords, botnets and malware.
What is illicit trade prevention?
This is an agreement facilitated by the European Commission, which aims to “prevent offers of counterfeit goods from appearing in online marketplaces.” Throughout 2020, PMI actively collaborated in this space in order to effectively remove illicit products listed on online marketplaces.
What is illicit trade of tobacco?
ITT is defined as the supply, distribution, and sale of smuggled genuine or counterfeit tobacco products . ITT negatively affects the tobacco control efforts of countries.
What are the root causes of illicit trade?
Political instability, militarism, civil unrest, internal armed conflict and natural disasters may result in an increase in trafficking. The destabilization and displacement of populations increase their vulnerability to exploitation and abuse through trafficking and forced labour.
What is illicit market?
The illegal, unregulated cannabis market. Before medical and adult-use legalization, cannabis was completely illegal in the US and all activities took place in the illicit market, including growing, buying, selling, transporting, and extracting cannabis.
What are illicit white?
produced by registered trademark holders but diverted from legal market. counterfeited or. produced specifically for the illicit market (often referred to as ‘cheap whites’ or ‘illicit whites’).
What are bootleg cigarettes?
Counterfeit: cigarettes manufactured without authorization of the rightful owners, with intent to deceive consumers and to avoid paying duty; Illicit whites: brands manufactured legitimately in one country, but smuggled and sold in another without duties being paid.
What are Jin Ling cigarettes?
Jin Ling is a Russian brand of cigarettes, currently owned and manufactured by the Kaliningrad-based manufacturer Baltic Tobacco Company (Russian: Балтийская табачная фабрика, BTC). Other places where this brand is manufactured include Ukraine, Moldova, Cyprus and the United Arab Emirates.
Where does fake tobacco come from?
“Illicit white” cigarettes which have no legal market in the UK. These are cigarettes legally mass manufactured in factories in Russia and the East and imported illegally to the UK. Duty has not been paid and the appropriate health warnings and images might not be present.
How much is the illicit economy worth?
Whether it is human trafficking, arms trafficking, the illegal wildlife trade, counterfeiting or money laundering, these activities are incredibly lucrative and fuel the magnitude of the illicit economy. Our Global Agenda Council on Illicit Trade 2012-2014 estimated the shadow economy to be worth $650 billion.
What are illicit activities?
Illicit usually refers to something that is not morally proper or acceptable. Illicit activities — like smuggling or counterfeiting — happen under the radar of the law. Illicit is from Latin illicitus, from the prefix in-, “not,” plus licitus, “lawful.” Definitions of illicit.
What is provision of illicit goods?
The provision of illicit services attempts to satisfy the public demand for, for instance, sexual and other forms of labour that is not permitted under law as well as procuring or facilitating the illegal entry or stay of a person in a country.
What is the All-Party Parliamentary Group on illicit trade?
When we established the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Illicit Trade in September 2017, we wanted to investigate and raise awareness of illicit trade in Britain, including supporting closer work with parliamentarians to tackle illicit trade and highlight the impact on businesses, high streets and communities.
What can the UK do to tackle the UK’s illicit trade?
We made a series of recommendations including the creation of a UK Anti-Illicit Trade Group, which would provide a forum for partnership coordination through dialogue, information and intelligence sharing, strengthening cross-organisational relationships and facilitating better use of resources through joining-up initiatives.
What is the Anti-Trafficking Monitoring Group?
Anti-Slavery International hosts and chairs the Anti-Trafficking Monitoring Group (ATMG), a coalition established in 2009 to monitor the UK’s implementation of European anti-trafficking legislation. The group examines all types of human trafficking, including internal trafficking and the trafficking of British nationals.
Is the Scottish Government accused of’slashing’budget for drug and alcohol partnerships?
^ “Scottish Government accused of ‘slashing’ budget for drug and alcohol partnerships”. www.scotsman.com. Archived from the original on 20 April 2021. Retrieved 13 July 2021. ^ “Scotland’s drug deaths rise to new record”. BBC News. 15 December 2020.