## What package is Rocr in R?

ROCR is a flexible evaluation package for R (https://www.r-project.org), a statistical language that is widely used in biomedical data analysis. Our tool allows for creating cutoff-parametrized performance curves by freely combining two out of more than 25 performance measures (Table 1).

## What does the ROC curve tell us?

ROC curves are frequently used to show in a graphical way the connection/trade-off between clinical sensitivity and specificity for every possible cut-off for a test or a combination of tests. In addition the area under the ROC curve gives an idea about the benefit of using the test(s) in question.

**What is a good ROC AUC score?**

The area under the ROC curve (AUC) results were considered excellent for AUC values between 0.9-1, good for AUC values between 0.8-0.9, fair for AUC values between 0.7-0.8, poor for AUC values between 0.6-0.7 and failed for AUC values between 0.5-0.6.

### What does high AUC mean?

The Area Under the Curve (AUC) is the measure of the ability of a classifier to distinguish between classes and is used as a summary of the ROC curve. The higher the AUC, the better the performance of the model at distinguishing between the positive and negative classes.

### What is ROC machine learning?

The ROC is also known as a relative operating characteristic curve, as it is a comparison of two operating characteristics, the True Positive Rate and the False Positive Rate, as the criterion changes. An ideal classifier will have a ROC where the graph would hit a true positive rate of 100% with zero false positives.

**What is prediction function R?**

The predict() function in R is used to predict the values based on the input data. All the modeling aspects in the R program will make use of the predict() function in its own way, but note that the functionality of the predict() function remains the same irrespective of the case.

#### How ROC curve is plotted?

To plot the ROC curve, we need to calculate the TPR and FPR for many different thresholds (This step is included in all relevant libraries as scikit-learn ). For each threshold, we plot the FPR value in the x-axis and the TPR value in the y-axis. We then join the dots with a line. That’s it!

#### How can I improve my ROC AUC score?

In order to improve AUC, it is overall to improve the performance of the classifier. Several measures could be taken for experimentation. However, it will depend on the problem and the data to decide which measure will work. (1) Feature normalization and scaling.

**Is a high AUC good?**

In general, an AUC of 0.5 suggests no discrimination (i.e., ability to diagnose patients with and without the disease or condition based on the test), 0.7 to 0.8 is considered acceptable, 0.8 to 0.9 is considered excellent, and more than 0.9 is considered outstanding.

## Is AUC same as accuracy?

Accuracy is a very commonly used metric, even in the everyday life. In opposite to that, the AUC is used only when it’s about classification problems with probabilities in order to analyze the prediction more deeply. Because of that, accuracy is understandable and intuitive even to a non-technical person.

## What does AUC of 0.5 mean?

A perfect predictor gives an AUC-ROC score of 1, a predictor which makes random guesses has an AUC-ROC score of 0.5. If you get a score of 0 that means the classifier is perfectly incorrect, it is predicting the incorrect choice 100% of the time.

**What is a good F1 score?**

1

An F1 score is considered perfect when it’s 1 , while the model is a total failure when it’s 0 . Remember: All models are wrong, but some are useful. That is, all models will generate some false negatives, some false positives, and possibly both.