What was Bashar al-Assad known for?
Bashar Hafez al-Assad (born 11 September 1965) is a Syrian politician who is the 19th president of Syria, since 17 July 2000. In addition, he is the commander-in-chief of the Syrian Armed Forces and the Secretary-General of the Central Command of the Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party.
What religion is the leader of Syria?
The religion of the President of the Republic is Islam; Islamic jurisprudence shall be a major source of legislation; The State shall respect all religions, and ensure the freedom to perform all the rituals that do not prejudice public order; The personal status of religious communities shall be protected and respected …
When did Hafez Assad became president?
Hafez al-Assad served as the President of Syria from 1971 until his death in 2000. He had been Prime Minister of Syria, leading a government for two years. He was succeeded by his son, Bashar al-Assad.
What is the regime in Syria?
Politics in the Syrian Arab Republic takes place in the framework of a semi-presidential republic with multiparty representation. President Bashar al-Assad, and his Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party have remained dominant forces in the country’s politics since the 1970 coup d’état.
Who is the Syrian civil war between?
In the country’s north-east, Turkish forces and allied Syrian rebels launched an offensive against the SDF in October 2019 to create a “safe zone” clear of Kurdish YPG militia along the Syrian side of the border, and have occupied a 120km (75 miles) long stretch since.
Who is Rifaat al Assad’s son Ribal al Assad?
Lama married Ala Fayyad, the son of Alawite General Shafiq Fayadh. Rifaat’s eldest son, Mudar, married Maya Haydar, the daughter of the ultra-rich entrepreneur Muhammad Haydar from the prominent al-Haddadin Alawite tribe. His youngest son, Ribal Al-Assad, born 1975, is a businessman and political activist.
What does Rifaat’s return to Syria mean for Assad?
Rifaat’s return means one less critical voice abroad for his nephew. The prodigal uncle is safe in Syria, Ribal said, but is not allowed to engage in any political or social work. The most significant Assad rebel has been brought back into the fold, perhaps further shoring up Bashar’s power base.
Who is Rifaat Ali al-Assad?
Rifaat Ali al-Assad ( Arabic: رِفْعَتُ عَلِيِّ ٱلْأَسَدِ ; born 22 August 1937) is the younger brother of the former President of Syria, Hafez Assad and Jamil Assad, and the uncle of the incumbent President Bashar al-Assad. He is alleged by some sources to be the commanding officer responsible for the Hama massacre of 1982.
What happened between Rifaat and Hafez al Assad?
Although Damascus was divided between two armies and seemed on the brink of war, Rifaat did not move. Informed that Rifaat was heading to Damascus, his brother Hafez al Assad left his headquarters to meet him. British journalist Patrick Seale reports an intimate moment between the two brothers :