Graduation qualification commission rarely reads the thesis entirely, usually limited to the introduction and conclusion, so you need to carefully consider what to write in the conclusion of the thesis. The conclusion of the thesis is a summing up and the main conclusions, a report on the work done, on which the student took a whole year. Writing a conclusion in a thesis puts an end to a huge study, therefore it is necessary to cover all aspects of the solved problem.
What should contain the conclusion of the graduation project
Before you write the conclusion in the thesis, you should study the formal requirements for the thesis, according to which the conclusion should consist of:
- Conclusions on the theoretical part.
- Conclusions on the practical part.
- Offers new solutions to the problem.
The volume of the conclusion of the thesis should be from three to five pages. It all depends on the volume and content of the work itself. The conclusion of a thesis on a topic that involves the development of something fundamentally new may be more than a conclusion on the thesis, which is a review of other people’s works or a calculation according to a known method. You do not need to specifically stretch it in volume, it will be immediately noticeable and will certainly not please the state attestation commission. Remember, this is your job, and you decide how to make it perfect.
The conclusion is written in the same font with the same intervals and indents as the rest of the thesis. Drawings, graphs and tables in it should not be. For each conclusion a new paragraph is given. After the conclusions, recommendations are made without fail.
How to write a conclusion to the thesis
Tip in the introduction
First of all, refer to your introduction. There you set tasks, indicated goals and methods for solving the problem. In the same order, write and conclusion. Describe only goals as realized or unrealized. As for the methods, here you need to indicate which of them were the most productive, helped in solving the tasks posed, and which, on the contrary, did not have to be used. The conclusion should be a logical continuation of the introduction, where you give answers to all the questions posed, tasks and draw conclusions. The introduction suggests what to write in the WRC opinion.
Do not forget the opening remarks. Take this a few sentences at the very beginning of the conclusion to the thesis, and only then proceed to the conclusions in the thesis.
Examples of opening remarks:
- “An important trend in global development is regional integration.”
- “The interconnectedness of economic activity at present not only manifests itself much more than before, but also covers almost all countries of the world, becoming global.”
It is desirable that this was a couple of sentences from the theoretical part, retold in their own words.
Remember that your work is not entirely yours. The point is that you used someone else’s scientific works, with the help of a supervisor. In addition, most theoretical propositions are not invented by you. Therefore, pronouns from the first person in the conclusions (and indeed in the whole work) are inappropriate.
To correctly write a thesis, use expressions such as “we believe”, “we believe”, “we found out”, etc. Another way is to construct impersonal sentences: “it was established,” “it was revealed that …”, “it can be argued that …”.
To summarize the conclusion is necessary to one concise conclusion, which will be the logical conclusion to the thesis.
A sample of such a conclusion: “In general, it can be noted that the effectiveness of reducing budget expenditures on the development of the national economy is doubtful: with proper distribution of funding, this item of expenditure can significantly increase budget revenues in the future.”
The structure of writing a conclusion for the thesis
As in the introduction, the entry should first be in the conclusion.
Then it is necessary to go to the conclusions of the study, and each conclusion must be considered separately. Schematically, it should look like this: the theory discussed in the first chapter is a conclusion; calculations carried out in the second chapter – conclusion; recommendations developed in the third chapter – conclusion, followed by a summary conclusion. After that, you need to describe what you stated in the introduction, and give comments on each item: describe, confirm or disprove the hypothesis, which goals and objectives and how successfully they were implemented, which did not (if not, indicate the reason), what problems encountered during the study of this topic.
If in the introduction and in the main chapters you have examined and described the problem from different angles, reasoned and made assessments, then in the conclusion it is necessary to draw conclusions in a structured way from the foregoing.
After completing the conclusions on the theoretical chapter, the results of the practical part of the thesis (if any) are formulated. It briefly indicates where and with what the research was conducted, what was revealed in the course of work, what else needs to be done.
There is some controversy in how to write a conclusion in a thesis work. On the one hand, the conclusion should not introduce anything fundamentally new; all its provisions should be based on the main part of the work, on the material presented in the chapters. On the other hand, the conclusion should not be reduced to drawing up literally copied conclusions on paragraphs and chapters; it should be of a more general nature.
At the conclusion of the conclusion, write recommendations for further (more in-depth) analysis of the problem stated in the thesis.
Tips for writing a thesis
It is strongly recommended to write a conclusion only when, when the main part of the thesis has been completely written and approved, and you know that there will be no more corrections in it. In other words, before you write a conclusion to the thesis, check with the supervisor that he is satisfied with everything. This guarantees you that you will not have to rewrite the conclusions once again, because if something changes in the thesis itself, then the conclusion in the thesis work changes accordingly.
Example: as a recommendation for improving the financial condition of an enterprise, you suggested improving work with receivables, and the manager suggested replacing it with activating marketing activities. At least a third of the conclusion (all recommendations) will have to be rewritten.
Do not forget to include in the conclusion exact data on the results of your practical work with specific indications of values and parameters. After writing the conclusion, re-read and check the entire thesis to make sure that you have drawn the right conclusions and did not miss anything.
We also advise you to go to the department at your faculty and clarify whether there are any additional rules for your university on how to write the conclusion in the thesis work.
An example of such specific requirements: each conclusion should indicate to which part of the work it applies, for example: “In the first paragraph of the first chapter it was established that …”, “According to the results of the second paragraph of the first chapter, we can conclude that …”.
At the department (or with your thesis supervisor) you can also ask for an example of concluding a thesis, which can be conveniently used as a template (especially if the sample work has a similar theme).